The Third Earth Chakra, the solar plexus, is known by the local aboriginals as Uluru. This amazing sandstone formation, a part of Kata Tjuta National Park, stands 348 m (1,142 ft) high (863 m/2,831 ft above sea level) with most of its bulk below the ground, and measures 9.4 km (5.8 mi) in circumference. In October 1872 the explorer Ernest Giles was the first non-indigenous person to sight the rock formation. He saw it from a very far away, and was prevented by Lake Amadeus from approaching closer. He described it as "the remarkable pebble". On 19 July 1873, the surveyor William Gosse visited the rock and named it Ayers Rock in honor of the then Chief Secretary of South Australia, Sir Henry Ayers. Since then, both names have been used, although Ayers Rock was the most common name for many years, and remains the most familiar name to non-Australians.

The first tourists arrived in the Uluru area in 1936. Beginning in the 1940s, permanent European settlement of the area for reasons of the Aboriginal welfare policy and to help promote tourism of Uluru. After that you could imagine what happened… Vehicle roads were paved and even a landing strip was erected just north of the area.

An agreement was reached on the 26th of October 1985 when the Australian Government returned ownership of Uluru to the local Pitjantjatjara Aborigines, with one of the conditions being that the Anangu would lease it back to the National Parks and Wildlife for 99 years and that it would be jointly managed.

The Aboriginal community of Mutitjulu (pop. approx. 300) is near the western end of Uluru. From Uluru it is 17 km by road to the tourist town of Yulara (pop. 3,000), which is situated just outside of the National Park.


Uluru is often referred to as a monolith, and for many years it was even listed in record books as the world's largest monolith. However that description is inaccurate, as it is actually part of a much larger underground rock formation which includes Kata Tjuta (also known as The Olgas) and Mount.

The function of this chakra is assist with self definition and personal power, but also to keep the vitality of the Earth, and all living species. It is said in order to gain the knowledge of immortal health, one must do so through Uluru.

This knowledge is delivered to the rest of the world through the ley artery, the Rainbow Snake. It has great spiritual and cultural significance to the natives and tourists who are "In the know".

uluru aerial view

The Aboriginal Connection

It is a sacred part of Aboriginal creation mythology, or "dreamtime" as in reality being the dream. Many Indigenous Australians also refer to the Creation time as "The Dreaming". The Dreamtime laid down the patterns of life for the Aboriginal people. The grooves on its sides are believed to be the tracks left by the Ancestors and various features of the mountain are sacred to specific spirits. These spirits can sometimes be communicated with when touching these features, however this should never be done by outsiders without approval of the natives.

According to Uluru dreamtime, the world was a featureless place until the ancestors of the Anangu emerged and travelled across the land, creating the features like Uluru that we see today. Ayers Rock represents the physical evidence of their time on the earth and is seen as one of their most dramatic and inspiring creations.

Ayers Rock tours incorporate the amazing rock paintings of the Anangu, which are seen as a record of the very period of dreamtime. The rock’s caves, cliffs and fissures contain countless petroglyphs that tell the story of the ancestors. Certain rock outcroppings represent ancestral spirits, and the Anangu believe that by simply touching the rocks they can communicate with dreamtime and receive blessings from their ancestors.

There is a legend that Uluru was formed as a result of a great battle. Two tribes of ancient spirits were invited to a feast but were distracted by Lizard Women and failed to turn up. This insult to the hosts resulted in battle and many were slain. Uluru rose up as a mark of the grief of the land at this bloodshed. There is a connecting legend regarding lizard people where Uluru was formed during a great battle between two lizard tribes. The lizard connection doesn't stop there. One Dreamtime story went as follows....

"The Bell-Bird brothers, were stalking an emu. The disturbed animal ran northward toward Uluru. Two blue-tongued lizard men, Mita and Lungkata, killed it, and butchered it with a stone axe. Large joints of meat survive as a fractured slab of sandstone. When the Bell-Bird brothers arrived, the lizards handed them a skinny portion of emu, claiming there was nothing else. In revenge, the Bell-Bird brothers set fire to the Lizard's shelter. The men tried to escape by climbing the rock face, but fell and were burned to death. The gray lichen on the rock face is the smoke from the fire and the lizard men are two half-buried boulders."

In several caves in Uluru, there are many stories of the Dreamtime.
The paintings are renewed every so often, with layers and layers of paint, dating back many thousands of years.